Energy

The world now requires more energy production than ever before. Between 80 and 90 percent of the energy consumed worldwide is made available by fossil fuels, which lead to the exacerbation of global warming. Alternative energy sources exist that can minimize the harmful impacts of energy production.

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The World’s Women

Women continue to suffer from gender discrimination in much of the world. This second-class citizenship is detrimental first and foremost to the well-being of women themselves, and is also a major obstacle to advancing economic development, reducing poverty and achieving environmentally sustainable societies. Women also suffer from unequal access to education.

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Climate Change

Over the past century, the earth’s average temperature has risen by 1.4°F, causing climate changes that affect our health, environment, and economy. Climate change has many effects on the environment around us, including loss of animal habitat, rising seawater, and more natural disasters. Larger populations will exacerbate these issues.

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Water Use

Currently, 1.1 billion people around the world lack access to safe drinking water, and 2.6 billion do not have access to basic sanitation. Across the board, the growing demand for water means that by 2025, the number of people without access to safe water may increase to 1.8 billion and two-thirds of the global population could be living in water-stressed areas.

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Agriculture

Within the next 35 years, our global family is expected to add two billion more members. Feeding 9.6 billion people will require a significant increase in food production, yet we have reached the limits on suitable farmland worldwide. Food security exists when people have access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to maintain a healthy, active life. There are approximately one billion people in the world who do not get enough food to eat.

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Wildlife

As global population has grown seven-fold in the past two centuries, we’ve entered an unprecedented age of wildlife extinction and biodiversity loss, commonly referred to as the “Sixth Extinction.” This loss of wildlife changes and destroys ecosystems and poses threats to human health.

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Poverty

In many urban cities poverty is a large issue, which is exacerbated by urbanization. Poverty is linked to many global issues, including undernourishment, poor public health, and even issues relating to climate change. The causes of poverty are complex, and many poor communities across the world find themselves stuck in the “poverty trap” – a reinforcing cycle that enables poverty to persist across generations. With world population increasing by over 80 million people every year, what effect will this growth have on global poverty?

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Pollution

As our global population continues to grow by 80+ million people each year, much of it in urban areas, the world must manage an ever-growing amount of pollution. Preserving land, air and water quality in the face of a more urbanized, affluent, and energy-dependent world is one of the largest challenges of the 21st century. Our world’s oceans are increasingly impacted by human activities, like pollution.

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